Introducing our Summer 2014 Issue: The Power of Non-State Actors

Summer 2014- The Power of Non-State Actors

In recent decades, the emergence of the Internet and Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) has revolutionized the possibilities within the international political landscape. With expanded opportunities to cultivate networks over distances, Non-State Actors (NSAs) have emerged as significant players in the global system. While the traditional definition of public diplomacy refers to governmental practices of informing and influencing foreign publics through intercultural communication, NSAs have rapidly adopted public diplomacy processes in their increased diplomatic relations with state actors. The 12th issue of Public Diplomacy Magazine, “The Power of Non-State Actors,” enlists a wide range of expertise to illustrate the diversity of NSAs and the public diplomacy tools they employ.

The rise of NSAs advocating for change from the bottom up is one of the central themes of this issue. In our Features section, Mary Finley-Brook focuses on civil society actors who are socializing the international community to their norms and values through action-oriented, people-to-people diplomacy. As ICT prices decrease, public diplomacy strategies will continue to be key in managing the network’s activities and relationships.

In addition to pressuring states to make changes, NSAs also collaborate with states. Richard Wike’s contribution, “Survey Research and International Affairs,” considers states’ reliance on research and survey organizations like Pew Research Center to provide public opinion information to policymakers. Our interview with the Master of Public Diplomacy delegation to São Paulo draws attention to Campus Brasil, an educational NSA in Brazil which collaborates with the state to bring cultural exchange students to the country. Partnering with states can add legitimacy to NSAs and increase access to funding.

Other actors discussed in this issue include celebrities, diasporas, refugees, violent NSAs, and corporations. We hope that the breadth of topics featured throughout this issue adds to …

Climate Justice Advocacy / by

By Mary Finley-Brook

Creating international policy to combat climate change is one of the biggest public diplomacy challenges of our time. With slow progress in “state-led” forums such as the annual Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), advocacy coalitions of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are pressuring decision-makers and working to build global awareness. The power of NGOs is soft since state actors set emissions targets; nonetheless, climate justice organizations persistently broadcast several important messages, including: 1) industrialized nations along with private sector polluters have an obligation to remedy ecological debt; 2) low-income and marginalized populations are most vulnerable to climatic variations, even though they are generally not high greenhouse gas (GHG) emitters, and; …

Conflicting Interests in Non-state Actor Diplomacy: A Case Study of Corporate Diplomacy in Art and Sport / by

By Rook Campbell

As a professor of sport diplomacy and former professional athlete, the idea of an art museum putting its hand in the fervently ritualized, mass cultural happening of sport grabs my attention. Upon learning of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art’s exhibition, “Fútbol: The Beautiful Game,” I was both quick to view the show and to incorporate the exhibition as a curricular component in my graduate seminar, Sport Diplomacy.

Recently, among the ongoing debates that my students have grappled with, one issue that has distinguished itself is money motives and profit incentives behind sport diplomacy projects. Do certain funding sources and/or types of actors presenting sport as a technique for social engagement taint the social goods and even, possibly …

Operationalizing the Responsibility to Protect: The potential for transnational public diplomacy to advance effective, domestic responsibility / by

By Horacio Trujillo and David Elam

Introduced just twelve years ago, the Responsibility to Protect—the principle that states and the international community have a responsibility to protect populations from crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing, genocide and war crimes—has rapidly become one of the most referenced and debated topics in international relations.[i] Since its introduction, the principle has been a central topic of concern regarding events around the world and especially in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and Central and Southeast Asia.

While the Responsibility to Protect was originally formalized under the auspices of actors primarily representing states, especially through the work of the International Commission on Sovereignty and Security (ICISS) and later through efforts of the United Nations (UN), the …

DIASPORA DIPLOMACY: INFLUENCES FROM PHILIPPINE MIGRANTS / by

By Joaquin Jay Gonzalez III

This article is about the praxis of Philippine-style public diplomacy, or what I refer to as “diaspora diplomacy.” It discusses the growing public diplomacy trend in which diasporas are contributing more actively to the recasting of real-world cross-cultural exchanges and relations.

The global perception of the Philippines is heavily influenced by major television news networks. Watching coverage from Western Europe and North America for the last 20 years has been frustrating for the domestic and international Filipino communities. The BBC, CNN, and FOX seem to downplay much of the good news and often play up the bad news: violent volcano eruptions, massive flooding after typhoons, overloaded ferries sinking, political scandals, terrorist bombings, al-Qaeda cells, and insurgent kidnappings. …

PASSOP: A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION FOR REFUGEES’ RIGHTS IN SOUTH AFRICA / by

Interview by Shannon Haugh

[caption id="attachment_2342" align="alignleft" width="295"] Guillain Koko[/caption]

With human rights enshrined in its Constitution, South Africa has stood as a beacon of hope for refugees across the African continent. Despite this vision, refugees (mostly from Somalia, Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of Congo) still face discrimination in the process of seeking asylum. Every day, hours before sunrise, lines of refugees stand in front of the Department of Home Affairs—the country’s immigration office—to plead their cases for asylum status. The ground is often muddy from recent rains, scattered with trash, and occasionally human waste due to a lack of toilets. Many refugees’ claims are deemed “unfounded.” Other claims are never heard. …

Non-State Actors in Brazilian Public Diplomacy: An Interview with the USC Master of Public Diplomacy Delegation to Brazil / by

In February 2014, a group of seven USC Master of Public Diplomacy students traveled to São Paulo, Brazil to conduct field research, with the intention of furthering the study and field of public diplomacy.  Through carefully planned site visits, students engaged a wide range of public diplomacy actors from governmental, corporate, academic, and non-governmental organizations. Each of these meetings allowed the students to gain a better understanding of Brazilian public diplomacy and the transnational network of non-state actors. Back in Los Angeles, Public Diplomacy Magazine interviewed the group to gain insight on their key findings, specifically in the areas of international broadcasting, citizen, and digital diplomacy.

Public Diplomacy Magazine: Last year the MPD research trip was to China, and the year …

At Post:

PASSOP: A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION FOR REFUGEES’ RIGHTS IN SOUTH AFRICAInterview by Shannon Haugh [caption id="attachment_2342" align="alignleft" width="295"]...

Non-State Actors in Brazilian Public Diplomacy: An Interview with the USC Master of Public Diplomacy Delegation to BrazilIn February 2014, a group of seven USC Master of Public Diplomacy students traveled to São Paulo, Brazil to conduct field research, with the intention of furthering the study and field of public dipl...

WHAT IS HOLLYWOOD’S DIPLOMATIC ROLE?: AN INTERVIEW WITH FILM PRODUCER MIKE MEDAVOYInterview by Lauren Madow ...

Case Study

Survey Research And International AffairsBy Richard Wike  “The advancement and diffusion of knowledge," wrote James Madison, "is the only guardian of true liberty.” This belief that knowledge and information empower ...

Celebrity Diplomacy Without Effects: Danny Kaye And UNICEFBy Ira Wagman  In this article, I briefly explore the relationship between celebrities and the diplomatic process. Much of the general public’s knowledge about the work of celeb...

For The Lulz: Anonymous’ Influence On The WorldBy Matthew Wallin Fox 11 News in Los Angeles has called it a group of “hackers on steroids” and an “Internet hate machine.”[1] In recent years, those associated with it hav...

Displaced Religious Minorities In Chiapas: Communication Strategies For AgencyBy Laura Rubio Diaz-Leal Over the past seventy years, the rapid increase of non-Catholic Christian churches within Mexico’s indigenous communities has prompted a radical transfor...

Non-State Actors: 21st Century Activism For Influencing Public PolicyBy Linda Reinstein Asbestos: from Magic Mineral to Killer Dust For most activists, the commitment to influence public policy begins from personal pain. When the...

Features

Climate Justice AdvocacyBy Mary Finley-Brook Creating international policy to combat climate change is one of the biggest public diplomacy challenges of our time. With slow progress in “state-led” forums such as the a...

Conflicting Interests in Non-state Actor Diplomacy: A Case Study of Corporate Diplomacy in Art and SportBy Rook Campbell As a professor of sport diplomacy and former professional athlete, the idea of an art museum putting its hand in the fervently ritualized, mass cultural happening of sport grabs my...

Operationalizing the Responsibility to Protect: The potential for transnational public diplomacy to advance effective, domestic responsibilityBy Horacio Trujillo and David Elam Introduced just twelve years ago, the Responsibility to Protect—the principle that states and the international community have a responsibility to protect popu...

For The Lulz: Anonymous’ Influence On The WorldBy Matthew Wallin Fox 11 News in Los Angeles has called it a group of “hackers on steroids” and an “Internet hate machine.”[1] In recent years, those associated with it hav...

Perspectives

DIASPORA DIPLOMACY: INFLUENCES FROM PHILIPPINE MIGRANTSBy Joaquin Jay Gonzalez III This article is about the praxis of Philippine-style public diplomacy, or what I refer to as “diaspora diplomacy.” It discusses the growing public diplomacy trend in...